Prostate cancer is a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly popular as one of the most reasons for death in the usa.
The prostate itself accounts for manufacturing of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is located involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the condition we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer to the question why this most often present in men aged fifty years and also the most frequently diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in line with the age, symptom that had been not visible will probably be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by people who have the ailment is pain, especially when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of imp-otence problems.
The diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is definitely the antigen if this contained in someone`s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will likely be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer remains under debate. Treatment methods vary, according to the stage. In early stages can be used prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be accomplished (reduce testosterone levels through removing drugs or maybe the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced inside the abdomen or perineal area, and also the patient were required to undergo hospital solution for 5-seven days. Complications that can happen is the fact impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active se-x-life, can be carried out Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes psychological and physical effects that could not really tolerated by the patients. Orkiektomi is an efficient treatment, does not require re-treatment, in comparison to cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer that had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of your, B and C. Usually if the risk of surgery is way too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be accomplished in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without having to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects like decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done as much as 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue through a small incision. The advantage of this kind of radiation treatment therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage inside the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The aim would be to reduce the level of testosterone. Decline in testosterone levels are usually extremely effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater widely used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. An example may be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration since it has got the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given as injections, usually every ninety days. Along side it effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. One side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is frequently employed to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or mixture of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that may accustomed to treat prostate cancer is:
The side effects vary and be determined by the drugs given. You ought to carefully take into account the benefits and side effects of both treatments to discover the prostatitis treatment options that suit along with you.